Monday, April 2, 2012

Blogs to Boards: Question 4

This is the fourth in a series of 41 posts from both GeriPal and Pallimed to get our physician readers ready for the hospice and palliative medicine boards. Every week GeriPal and Pallimed will alternate publishing a new question, as well as a discussion of possible answers to the question (click here for the full list of questions).  

We welcome comments about any aspects of the questions or the answers/discussions.  The feedback that we hope to get in the comment sections of the post will help us all learn important aspects for the boards. We also welcome an interdisciplinary viewpoint when answering these questions, so even if you are not taking the medical boards, your input is still very much welcome.

Mrs Dole, a 68 year old with 20 year history of Diabetes Mellitus Type II is referred to Palliative Care from Oncology with Stage III Nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Nausea is the key concern. For last 3 years she has had early satiety but maintained weight. Since initiating chemotherapy, she has had nausea for the first 2 days of her chemotherapy cycle, which then resolves.

1 week after the last round of chemotherapy she required intravenous fluids for dehydration. Now 2 weeks later is having intermittent severe nausea. It can be provoked by sudden changes in body position. She fell once because she lost her balance. Usually she does not vomit, but occasionally does. She describes a feeling of the room spinning associated with the nausea.

Of the following options, which drug is most targeted to this patient’s specific nausea type:
a) Ondansetron
b) Prochlorperazine
c) Metoclopramide
d) Diazepam
e) Meclizine


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